The Main Critics who talk about Feminism

by Giz TimesJune 5, 2015

The Main Critics who talk about Feminism 

There have been many feminists who have criticized the discrimination against women. However, there are a few who are pioneers when it comes to gender studies and feminism. These critics are important as they help one understand Feminism in a better way and can be referred to while preparing a paper for feminism.

  1. JS MILL: He can be regarded as one of the pioneer MALES who believed in Feminism.
  • Women in the 19th century were supposed to be like unforced labor.
  • Women’s property goes to man, but she has no share when her man dies.
  • She is subjected to men for her lifetime.
  1. MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT: She is considered as one of her best works- THE VINDICATION ON THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN which paved the path for Feminism.
  • Women are not inferior to men by nature but for their lack of education.
  • Women are inferior because religion says that they are “born out of men.”
  1. SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR: She wrote THE SECOND SEX, which again talked about how women are always regarded as the “other” sex. By hitting on the misogyny, she preached feminism in an ironic tone.
  • Men have always fought the battle and not the women so men are courageous.
  • Men have more muscle mass so they can work harder; women are given “easier task of taking care of the household so they are inferior.
  • One is not born a woman, one becomes one.
  1. REBECCA WEST: “I have never been able to find out what feminism is. All I know is that people call me a feminist when I express sentiments that differentiate me from a doormat.”
  2. VIRGINIA WOOLF AND LINDA NOCHLIN: They argue why there were no women writers during the time of Shakespeare and reach to the conclusion that the cause of this was social oppression.
  3. DEBORAH ROSENFELT: Feminist novels’ characteristic structure encompasses mythic progress from oppression, victimization, suffering through various stages of awakening consciousness to active resistance and finally some form of victory, transformation or transcendence of despair.
  4. CHICKWENYE OGUNYEMI: In Womanism: The Dynamics of the contemporary Black Female Novel in English – Feminist novels are openly propagandist protest against sexism and the patriarchal power structure.
  5. JULIET MITCHELL: Freud doesn’t present ‘feminine’ as ‘natural’. Female sexuality isn’t natural from the start, he shows a process of it being produced and constructed.
  6. DALE SPENDER: Language isn’t a neutral medium, its an instrument through which patriarchy finds expression.
  7. JAQUES DERRIDA: Deconstruction of the binaries. We need to deconstruct the binaries of male and female.
  8. MICHAEL FOCAULT: Cycle of Power and Truth. Patriarchy gains power and then whatever they say become the absolute truth which helps them gain more power.
  9. ROLAND BARTHES: Toys. Boys are given helicopters, Girls are given dolls. Why? So That girls learn to nurse since beginning. This is hegemony,
  10. FERDINAND DE SAUSURRE: Meanings are arbitrary and nothing can be understood in isolation. Women are women because they aren’t men.
  11. KARL MARX: Women in a patriarchal society are considered as social hieroglyphics.
  12. AD HOPE: His Poem ‘The Brides’ objectifies women and make them a car.

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