Literature

CHRONICLES OF A DEATH FORETOLD- By Gabriel Garcia Marquez

by Giz TimesMay 31, 2015

CHRONICLES OF A DEATH FORETOLD- By Gabriel Garcia Marquez

Publication: 1981

The novella Chronicles of a Death Foretold by Gabriel Garcia Marquez is based on the real life incidence of the murder of medical student Cayetano Gentile in the city of Sucre, Columbia on January 22,1951. He was killed with a machete outside his front door by Victor- the brother of Margarita Chica.

CRITICISMS

  1. Adelaida Lopez de Martinez: The novel is a perfect blend of journalism and literature.
  2. Joshua Gilder: He asserts in the WALL STREET JOURNAL that CHRONICLES is a “simplistic story of social determinism” with unconvincing characters and an unmistakable didactic political message.
  3. Leonard Michaels:
  • CHRONICLE as a metaphysical detective story replete with painful ironies and unresolved mysteries.
  • The graphically depicted murder is one of the most “powerfully rendered in modern literature.”
  1. Edith Grossman: The novel is an uncommon blending of fantasy, fable and fact.
  2. Angel Rama: She draws parallel between Chronicle and Greek Tragedy where Santiago is a scapegoat for the community whose collective recollection of events is analogous to the chorus. Nasar is the victim of the entire community.
  3. Richard Predmore: The CHRONICLE as a critique of double sexual standards and crass materialism( Angela Vicario is bought by fiancé) and the absurd tradition of raising girls to marry and suffer.
  4. Raymond L. Williams: How Marquez utilizes journalistic techniques and dreams, premonitions and symbols to blur the line between facts and fiction.
  5. Myrna Solotrovesky: Use of Hyperbole and Irony in Chronicles to destroy the hallowed myths.
  6. Isabel Borland: CHRONICLES as a question and not an answer.
  7. Gonzalo Diaz Migoyo-
  • Fate is that supernatural agency to which the individuals attribute those actions for which they do not wish to be held responsible.
  • Vicario Brothers as sacrificial butchers.
  • Virginal blood repaid by criminal blood.
  • If Santiago Nasar had been guilty, fate would merely had been a justice. But, he dies with an expression of innocence on his face.
  1. Mark Millington:
  • Male privilege and domination are cemented in the key relation between father and son.
  • Purisima del Carmen is determined by social structure but is excluded from making decisions and exercising independence after marriage.
  • Difference in class- Santiago enjoys calculation of the money spent in the wedding and Bayardo enjoys the spending of money on wedding. Nasar’s hope of having a good marriage.
  • The only male characters who do act are the Vicario brothers.
  • On Angela- Firstly the honor code has not deferred her from having sexual intercourse, secondly, she does not really conceive of it as her problem so much as the community’s problem. And this seems to be not untypical of her friends, who take a very practical attitude to the situation and suggests ways in which Bayardo can be fooled.

 

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